Scuba Diving Hall of Fame Induction Dinner | Cayman Islands | Oct 2 2015
Dick Bonin (USA)
Dick Bonin Significant Career Achievement and/or Industry Contribution

Dick grew up in Chicago, excelling academically, and earned college athletic scholarships in swimming, football, boxing and baseball.
Dick served in the US Navy UDT/SEALS in the early 1950’s and was Submersible Operations Officer, active in demolition and testing the latest dive gear for the Navy. Upon leaving the Navy in 1956 he went to work for a small dive store in Chicago, and was later recruited by Swimaster to run the company in California. Swimaster had recently purchased a spearfishing company that included “Duck Feet” fins which were popular in the military. With the help of production manager Jorge Calderon, Dick helped build the Swimaster brand by selling rubber goods (including the first flexible snorkel) and spear guns, and pioneering the concept of selling products through a professional dive store.
In 1959 Dick was approached by Sportsways to run their struggling company. While at Sportsways Dick met engineer Sam Lecocq and although Dick’s tenure with the company was short, he and Lecocq did develop the single-hose regulator, which went on to become the number one regulator configuration in the US.
Bonin was then approached to head up a new subsidiary of Healthways called SCUBAPRO, which was to produce diving gear to be sold only in professional dive stores, a concept that Dick had pioneered at Swimaster. At Healthways Dick worked side-by-side with Healthways R&D Director Gustav Dalla Valle who later, for one dollar, bought the rights to the name SCUBAPRO when Healthways went bankrupt. To the day he died Gustav joked that he paid too much for the defunct company’s name.
Scubapro opened its doors on January 3, 1963 using Gustav’s $20,000 European credit line. Bonin and Dalla Valle surrounded themselves with the smartest engineers they could find and pushed the R&D Department to produce ever better diving equipment. Within the first two years they developed the first reliable piston first stage and began selling the legendary Jet Fin, which was invented by Rene Beauchat, and originally sold by that company in Europe. Dick didn’t like the looks of the Jet Fin and had never tried them, but these “ugly fins” taught Dick a lesson about product development; after finding that his retail dealers loved them, he tried them and never allowed a product to be sold again that he and his R&D team didn’t try first. The result was to develop a reputation for quality, which propelled Scubapro to the number one position of dive equipment manufacturers in the world.
Dick retired from Scubapro in 1993 and for a time was the Executive Director at the Diving Equipment Manufacturer’s Association (DEMA, later the Diving Equipment and Marketing Association), an organization which he helped found in the mid-1970’s.
Krov Menuhin (Australia)
Krov Menuhin Significant Career Achievement and/or Industry Contribution

Krov grew up in the Bahamas and started SCUBA diving at the age of 14 in 1954. He worked as a diving instructor in the Bahamas from 1955 until 1961 while attending school and University.
He has served three (3) years with U.S. Army Special Forces and is a honor graduate of the US Navy Underwater swimmers school, diving and tactical underwater operations instructor at 10th Special Forces. He obtained his commercial pilots license with single and multi-engine land and sea, helicopter and rotorcraft, instrument and DC-3 on the GI Bill that allowed all servicemen who served during the Vietnam War assisted training. He later obtained an Airline Transport License and an Australian Commercial Helicopter license. Has over 3000 hours experience much of it for diving – related French Television flying in the Arctic, Central America and the Caribbean in command of amphibious aircraft.
Worked as commercial diver for Ocean Systems was member of diving team that made the world’s first working dive using Neon gas as a diluent on a B-52 recovery Lake Michigan, 1971
He began making films in 1972. Made what BBC call the “world’s first whale film” in 1972 off the Valdes Peninsula of Argentina. Worked with his wife Ann as a two-person team filming all over the world, and with Ann produced, directed and filmed four (4) one-hour specials for the BBC. Each one of these films entered the BBC worldwide distribution system and reached a world audience of 200 million. While filming the Giants of the Vermillion Sea in 1974 off shore Baja California was the first to film Blue Whale under water.
Went to work as a director, subject originator, cameraman and aircraft pilot for Ushuaia, a magazine program for French TV, TF 1. Worked with them for 25 years and was largely credited with “making millions of television viewers dream over the 25 years of the program.” During those 25 years Menuhin was directly involved in over 45 of the one hour programs. Went on to co-produce, film and direct a series of four (4) 1-hour anthropological films with Ann and 6-month-old son Aaron in the South Pacific for Channel 4 TV in UK in 1982.
As Director of the Canal Plus Unknown Ocean Project 1992, Krov had two (2) Deep Rover 2 submersibles built that, even today, are considered to be the absolute cutting edge of submersible technology.
He was chosen twice, 1990 and 2004, to be on the jury of the `Rolex Awards for Enterprise.’ Currently serves as an Advisory Board member of the Historical Diving Society and is Chairman of the Hans Hass Fifty Fathoms Award Committee.
Gardner Young (Bahamas)
Gardner Young Significant Career Achievement and/or Industry Contribution

From the late 1950’s through the early 1980’s Gardner took on as instructors and introduced to diving many young Bahamians, among them, a teen age Stuart Cove who would go on to take over the mantel of Nassau’s leading dive operation, the world renown ‘Stuart Coves.’
During the 1970’s Gardner raced open ocean powerboats and competed in the USA as well as South America. “In those days,” he says, “way before GPS, navigation was a serious problem and racing at 75 miles an hour plus over the open ocean 500 miles through the Bahamian Island’s reefs and shoals took every bit of knowledge I had! It also destroyed my knees!”
In the 70’s Gardner started Underwater Engineering with his partner Charlie Badeau and over the years he would do everything from maintaining the deep hydrophone arrays for the U.S. Navy off Andros Island as a civilian diver contracted to the US Navy, to blowing up a wrecked freighter that had 110 tons of dynamite in her holds. Gardner was also contracted by four major oil companies for diving support in their exploration operations and was the official diving inspector for Lloyds of London.
A larger than life personage, like an aquatic Burl Ives –they were good friends- Gardner has had an incredible impact on the early sport diving community not only in the Bahamas but worldwide and is highly respected for his contributions.
Kurt Schaefer (Austria)
Kurt Schaefer Significant Career Achievement and/or Industry Contribution

Kurt Schaefer finished high school 1941 in Vienna. He then was enlisted into the “Reich Labor Service” and in 1942 in the German “Wehrmacht” (army). As a radio operator in the German air force, he was stationed on the Italian airport of Grosseto (Tuscany), where there was an Air Force Torpedo School. The tasks of his unit also included an air traffic control services ship, which was located in the port of Porto Santo Stefano in Orbetello, north of Civitavecchia. The Marina di Grosseto was the first diving area of Schaefer, which he visited during his free time. When the sea was cloudy due to rough seas, he plunged into the mouth of the river Ombrone.
Here Schaefer, also inspired by the books of Hans Hass, had the idea to photograph and film under water. In 1942 he made first construction detail sketches for an underwater camera that did not need an additional waterproof housing. This method was new, because, up to this point, cameras were mounted into in waterproof housings. This had significant disadvantages, because in addition to the bulkiness of the device only a few camera settings from the outside could be served, so that these cameras were of limited use.
In 1943 Schaefer designed and manufactured an aluminum housing with waterproof shafts and glands, which replaced the standard plastic case of a Kodak movie camera. This allowed the camera to be used without having to mount it into a housing, either over or under water. The big advantage was that the camera was minimal in size and with easy handling could be opened to insert a new film roll. Up to then, this procedure was much more complicated and time consuming, requiring the removal of a camera which was mounted into a water tight housing.
Although due to the war no usable underwater film could be made with this camera, Schaefer’s 1943 construction is considered to be the first modern amphibious underwater film camera. She had the name "M8 / 1". The acronym stands for Marina System Schaefer ( "M"), 8mm film format ( "8"), first version ( "/ 1"). The construction was Patented in 1954 several years before Jean de Wouters had designed and patented his “Calypsophot” (which was submitted in 1958 and approved in 1961 – see: http://calypsonikonos.com/The_Calypso_&_Nikonos_Collection/Calypso_Patent_Drawings/Calypso_Patent_Drawings.html )
In the fall of 1943 Schaefer informed Hans Hass in a letter about his new invention and was invited by Hass to Berlin. Finally in April 1944 during a holiday Schefer and Hass met for the first time. Hass recognized the technical talent of Schaefer and the new opportunities that arose. They agreed on a development partnership for underwater photography and -cinematographic cameras. Schaefer hoped to be able to join one of the next Hass expeditions and therefore had not asked for any payment for his service.
In addition to improving his camera design in 1944, Schaefer wrote a screenplay for an underwater cartoon film he wanted to produce for Ufa together with Hans Hass, and created the associated figures. The film was not realized until after the war.
After the war, Schaefer was employed on the former boatyard Abeking & Rassmusen in Gmunden. In 1946 he began studying architecture at the Technical University in Vienna, where he 1954 successfully completed a diploma. The long study period is explained by the fact that in during this time he constructed more innovative underwater photo and cinematographic cameras - with and without under water housings -for himself and Hans Hass (e.g.: underwater Leica and underwater Siemens cameras). He also carried out under water pole architectural research in the Austrian Alpine lakes (Attersee , Mondsee, Keutschachersee, 1949-1951) which he documented in his movie ( "Traces of Antiquity", 1951) and, following his separation from Hans Hass, he participated as a cameraman in an expedition of the University of Vienna lead by the Austrian marine biologist Rupert Riedl ( " Austrian Tyrrhenia expedition 1952 ").
The color film "Lights Under Water - Wonders of the Sea", which was taken in undersea caves of Sorrento in 1952 during the expedition with Riedl to Capri was produced in the Agfa-color process and is one of the first ever underwater color films. For illuminating the sea caves Schaefer had developed special spot lights, which also represented a novelty. Some of Schaefer’s inventions were patented.
From several trips to the Adriatic with his expedition boat TERESA II emerged Schaefer’s underwater films "The Blue Garden" and "Landlubbers, Sea Breeze and Little Fish." In the Vienna Urania Schaefer successfully showed, along with his films, never before seen 6x6 underwater photos at a scale of 1: 2 and 1: 1. In the 1960sKurt Schaefer cameras were used to cinematically document the search of Nazi treasures in Toplitzsee.
Schaefer’s macro cameras were a sensation, they have a 6 cm (2,7 inches) depth of field in 1:1 scale! The lens was of his own construction and is revered even today.
After the war, Schaefer improved and successfully tested his waterproof 8mm movie camera.. He then moved to the 16mm format, which was more suitable for professional movies. With the increasing crowd of scuba divers Schaefer’s 8mm camera for the amateur diver was interesting again. In 1966 he showed the Austrian camera manufacturer Eumig his amphibious 8mm underwater film camera. There was nothing like it on the market. Without aknowledging the construction work of Schaefer, and without a license agreement with him, Eumig launched a waterproof film camera for Super-8 under the product name "Eumig Nautica" in 1979 as a world novelty. The case was never legally resolved because Eumig went bankrupt in 1982.
Besides underwater film, Schaefer worked on other submarine designs: In 1978, as an architect in the design office of the Austrian architect Karl Schwanzer, he designed , as part of a project by Hans Hass, an underwater station for the southern Spanish coast at Almeria. It was never built.
After retiring from his professional activity, Schaefer concluded in late 1983 his already begun dissertation on historic wooden ship construction on the river Danube at the Technical University of Vienna to Dr. Techn, with honours.
The other areas of Schaefer’s work included several publications in scientific journals, serials for museums, participation in exhibition catalogs, exhibitions, museum design, scientific modeling, ship reconstructions and supplementations of his former research.
Most of his underwater camera models and prototypes are today, together with the underwater cameras of Hans Hass, shown at the Aquazoo - Löbbecke Museum in a permanent exhibition.
ISDHF Pioneer 2017. Professional Association of Diving Instructors (PADI)
PADI Significant Career Achievement and/or Industry Contribution

The world’s largest scuba diving training organization, PADI was dreamed up in 1966 by two friends in Illinois over a bottle of Johnnie Walker. John Cronin, a scuba equipment salesman for U.S. Divers (now Aqua Lung), and Ralph Erickson, an educator and swimming instructor, were concerned about the scuba diving industry. They felt that the scuba certification agencies that existed at the time were unprofessional, didn’t use state-of-the-art or educationally valid instructional techniques or materials, and made it unnecessarily difficult for people to enter the sport. John and Ralph knew there had to be a safer, easier way for people to learn to breathe underwater. In 1966, John brought a bottle of Johnnie Walker Black Label and $30 US to Ralph’s Illinois apartment in Morton Grove. They decided it was time to start a scuba training organization. John insisted that the word “professional” be in the name of the company. Ralph wanted an “association of diving instructors.” After a few rounds of Scotch, the acronym PADI was born: Professional Association of Diving Instructors. Their goal – give more people a chance to enjoy the underwater world by offering relevant, educationally valid scuba diving training to create confident scuba divers who dive regularly. The initial start-up meetings took place at several restaurants in Morton Grove and Niles, Illinois. In a few months, Cronin finished a portion of the basement in his home on Main Street in Niles to become the headquarters for PADI. He eventually hired his next-door neighbor to be a part time secretary. His son, Brian, stuffed and sealed envelopes.
When they were struggling for a logo design, John mentioned he wanted something classy like the National Geographic look. Years later, in an interview, Ralph said that idea changed the way he was looking at this small two-man operation. At that moment, he could see a big vision for PADI. Ralph was responsible for putting together the first PADI logo – a diver with a torch in a globe. This logo was later refined into the well-known PADI logo of today. In the early years, PADI grew slowly. In 1967, it introduced recreational diving’s first diver certification requirements, first advanced diver course and first specialty diver programs. By the late 1960s, PADI had 400 members, but it was still a struggling entity.
Cronin went to a huge National Sporting Goods Association show in New York City (the forerunner of today’s DEMA Show). While he was there he met with Paul Tzimoulis, who later became the editor of Skin Diver magazine. Paul suggested that PADI put the diver’s picture on the certification card. In 1968, PADI produced the first positive identification certification (PIC) card with the diver’s photograph. It was a strategic move that helped PADI’s eventual global recognition.
John Cronin had been promoted to Sales Manager at U.S. Divers and had moved the family to Huntington Beach, California. In 1970, the PADI Office moved to California, USA.
Erickson developed a modular training program and it started to catch on. In 1972, the PADI “Open Water” Diver certification was launched as the preferred entry-level rating, with twice as many required open water dives as previous courses.
In the late 1970s and early ‘80s, PADI began creating its own integrated, multimedia student and instructor educational materials for each course. This development spawned an incredible growth period for PADI and made it unique from other agencies.
By the late 1980s, PADI was the leading scuba diving training organization in the world. With so many new people introduced to the activity, everyone at PADI felt a responsibility to teach divers about their interactions with the underwater world. Cronin knew PADI had a responsibility to protect the marine environment. John Cronin said: “We want to feel that our children, their children and generations to come will be able to enjoy the underwater world that has given us so much. There are so many significant problems facing mankind, but as divers this is truly our cause. If scuba divers do not take an active role in preserving the aquatic realm, who will?”
Out of a true concern for the environment, the Project AWARE Foundation was formed.
In 2003, John Cronin passed away. His friend and PADI co-founder, Ralph Erickson, passed away three years later. They proudly carried PADI’s torch for many years before they confidently put it in the hands of today’s generation of PADI Professionals, who continue to introduce the world to scuba diving.
With close to 400 employees in PADI corporate offices around the world, the PADI organization works hard to be the best partner to its members and is committed to:
1 Safe and responsible diver acquisition and retention.
2 Quality member acquisition and retention.
3 Financial prosperity.
4 Worldwide alignment in message, products, systems and procedures.
The PADI Worldwide Executive team, led by Dr. Drew Richardson, President and CEO, ensures these promises are met.

PADI became the first recreational scuba diving organization whose courses are eligible for the American Council on Education (ACE) College Credit Recommendation Service (CREDIT). PADI courses continue to be recommended for college credit by ACE today.
PADI Open Water Scuba Instructor Examination fees qualify for reimbursement for veterans and military personnel under the GI Bill. Veterans can earn up to $575.00 for the PADI Open Water Scuba Instructor Examination.
Since 2009, PADI and the Boy Scouts of America (BSA) have maintained a mutual support partnership. PADI is the only scuba training organization with this formal relationship with BSA. The BSA’s Florida National High Adventure Sea Base has a twenty-year partnership with PADI, citing PADI’s leadership in developing the Snorkel BSA Award, Scuba BSA Award, and the Scuba merit badge. The Sea Base exclusively offers PADI certifications. The PADI Dive to Adventure Scholarship Program for the BSA provides training materials and/or course fees for various levels of scuba training for up to 100 scouts each year. When adding up these 25 annual scholarships, the value is $23,350.
PADI is a member of the United States Recreational Scuba Training Council (RSTC). In Canada, PADI is the exclusive sponsor of the Scouts Canada Scuba Program.
Recognitions and equivalencies has been established between PADI and Confédération Mondiale des Activités Subaquatiques (CMAS), the Colombian Navy, the Chinese Underwater Association, and Fédération Française d'Études et de Sports Sous-Marins (FFESSM). PADI is also a registered training organisation in Australia. As of 2012, PADI rescue diver and divemaster programs are included on the United Kingdom's Health and Safety Executive list of approved diving qualifications.
Those PADI courses aligning with standards published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) for ‘Recreational diving services’ were audited by the European Underwater Federation (EUF) Certification Body in 2004 and 2009, and were certified at both times as complying with these standards. PADI is a member of the following member councils of the World Recreational Scuba Training Council - the RSTC Canada, the RSTC Europe and the C-Card Council (Japan).
Golden Fish